Euchre is an outstanding social card game, straightforward in theory but with a high level of subtlety in the play. The game offers a number of variations, as you can play it with any number of players and as a long or quick game.


The basics

-Number of players: four players, with two players in a team, is ideal

-Playing time: varies from half an hour to 15 minutes

-Cards: A standard deck of 52 cards: however you must take out the ace through the 9 in every suit, resulting in a deck of 24 cards being formed for the game. Jokers included.

-Deal: Euchre is fundamentally a trick-taking game. Each player receives five cards, and you play one card at a time.


It is possible to choose the dealer at random, or you may deal out the cards until a jack emerges. The person who receives the jack is then the dealer.

The dealer shuffles the cards and then provides them to the player on his left to cut. That player may cut the deck or alternatively tap the cards to show that not a single cut is needed.

You deal the cards clockwise. In order to render the game exciting, the dealer deals out five cards, face-down, in packets of two to every player and then three to every participant. After dealing the cards, you flip over a single card and put it in the center of the table atop the additional three unused cards. These three cards play no continued part in the hand. The upturned card signifies the trump suit (this is covered in more depth later in the guide).

At the conclusion of every hand, the deal moves clockwise.


Object of the game

In Euchre, you win a hand and gain points for taking the best part of the tricks in a hand, this essentially means winning three or more of the five tricks obtainable. You get more points if you are able to receive all five tricks. The first to a particular total of points, usually 10, wins the match.



The player who plays the highest card in the suit of the first card which has been played – except if a player contributes a trump, in which case it is whoever plays the highest trump card – collects all four cards as one and stacks them in front of him, this is known as taking the trick.

You play the game with couples, but under exceptional circumstances, a member of a partnership can choose to go solo — if he believes that going alone is worthwhile. This is covered in more depth later in the guide.


Choosing partners

You play Euchre with two groups of two players, usually with premeditated partnerships or alternatively with partners chosen by cutting the deck. Should you cut the deck for partners, the two highest possible cards contend with the two weakest cards.

Make sure the partners are seated opposite one another. In partnership games, you generally sit across from your partner, most likely to help keep you off each other’s throats.


Determining the trump suit

After the deal is finalized, the dealer flips over the top card of the four residing cards. This is known as the upcard, it signifies exactly what the trump suit is for the present hand. The residual three cards have no part in the current hand.

The trump suit signifies the boss suit, and thus a trump card defeats any card in every other suit. In Euchre, you must follow the suit that the first player leads (play a card in the same suit), but in the case you can’t follow suit, you can play a trump card and win the trick (except if somebody plays a higher trump card).


Card rankings

The sole exception to the standard ranking rules is in the trump suit, which ranks as below:

– The highest trump card is the jack of the trump suit, also known as the right bower. In Britain, you play the game with a joker, which is placed as the master trump. The joker is called the Benny, or alternatively the Best Bower.

– The second-highest trump card is the other jack of the same-colour suit, also called the left bower. The jack deserts its actual suit and turns into a trump card for the hand; here is an example, the J of Spades stops being a spade while clubs are the trump suit – it becomes a club.

– The residual five cards in the trump suit are the ace, king, queen, 10, and 9, ranking from highest to lowest in this order.


Bidding for tricks

Once you pick and sort out your cards, you receive an opportunity to make your bid. Everybody sees which card gets flipped over for the trump suit; the concern is whether or not anybody desires to bid to obtain three or more tricks with that suit as the trump suit. Every player receives the opportunity to take on that task or decline the invitation. If every player declines, the bidding moves into the second phase. To make your final decision, you should value your hand for play in the trump suit.

Since the second stage of the game entails playing with the trump suit of your choosing, you also have to look at your hand and value it for play in a different trump suit.


Starting the bidding

Every player in turn, beginning with the player on the dealer’s left, may agree to play the suit of the upcard in the center of the table as trump for his or her partnership, or every player could pass. If a player welcomes the suit of the upcard as the trump suit, the dealer provides the upcard to his hand and throws one card away face-down.

The partnership which makes the decision to obtain three or more tricks (rather than passing) is known as the makers, while the other players are the defenders. You adhere to these protocols throughout the first round of bidding:

1. The initial player either plays with the predetermined trump suit, called ordering it up (which means that he asks the dealer to pick up the upcard), or he passes by stating “I pass.”

2. The second player, the dealer’s partner, can pass, or she may accept the current trump suit by announcing “Partner, assist,” “I’ll help you,” or “Pick it up.”

3. The third player follows the structure for the first hand by ordering the trump up or passing.

4. The dealer welcomes the choice of the trump suit by saying “I pick it up” and picking up the card to add it to his hand, or he rejects the card by announcing “Over” or “I turn it down.”

If he rejects the trump suit , he removes the upcard and places it face-up at a right angle to the deck below the other three cards to show which suit isn’t appropriate as the trump suit for the second round of bidding ( see the later section “Entering the second phase of bidding” for more information ).


Second phase of bidding

If all four players pass on the trump suit, you then turn the top card down, thus removing the dealer’s intrinsic advantage. During the second round of bidding, players may again undertake the accountability of going for three tricks, specifying any other suit as the trump suit. You may not bid the suit of the first upturned card throughout the second bidding stage. That suit is only a potential trump suit for the first round only.

If a player on the second round calls the same trump suit as the upturned card, her side may not partake in the bidding.

Again, the bidding goes around the table like in the first phase, beginning with the player on the dealer’s left, who may pass or name the trump suit. Whoever chooses a trump suit wins the bidding — now all the partnership is required to do is make the bid good. If all four players pass once again, the hand is scraped, and the next player deals a new hand.

Once the bidding is finished, both sides try for at least three tricks. If the bid comes on the initial round, the dealer collects the upcard and puts it in his hand. If you make trump on the second round, whoever selects the trump suit proclaims it, and the dealer does not touch the upcard.


Tallying your score

The team that selects the trump suit and then earns three or four tricks scores 1 point. If the team that makes trump obtains all five tricks, it sweeps the hand, and the side scores 2 points.

Three tricks are required to achieve the obligations you assume when you decide the trump suit.

If the makers do not fulfil the trick obligation, the defenders receive 2 points – they have euchred the makers. But, the biggest score comes if you decide to go solo (this is covered in more depth shortly) and then go on to make all five tricks, you receive 4 points.

The first team to reach ten points win, however if you wish to play a shorter game, you can play to give points.


Going it alone

A player with an exceptionally able hand can increase the stakes by electing to play the hand alone. The player who picks the trump suit has this decision. As soon as you signify your objective of going alone, your partner puts his cards face-down, just for this hand, and the game becomes three-handed.

A hand with the highest three trump cards (J, J, A, for example) is usually a sure bet for going alone, particularly if you have an off-suit ace. Two of the top three trumps and an ace tends to be enough, but you may want a little more to ensure your victory.

If you win three or four tricks, you obtain as many points as you do in partnership circumstances. But if you succeed, and win all five tricks, as maker, you score 4 points.

Going alone is a gamble, as you increase the chance of a penalty. With three sure winners in your hand, you must ponder whether your residual cards provide you with a chance for a clean sweep. If this is not the case, play in your partnership and yearn that your partner can help you out.


Tips on how to win

Don’t overlook your jacks; they become very useful when the trump is uncertain. Also don’t forget to value the jack in the suit of the same colour as the trump suit. As soon as you or someone else nominates a new trump suit, a formerly useless jack may suddenly become very powerful.


Related External Links

The pagat website provides an excellent Euchre guide